Epistemic opacity: randomness is the result of incomplete information at some layer it is functionally indistinguishable from “true” or “physi- cal” randomness extremistan: the province where the total can be conceivably impacted by a single observation fallacy of silent evidence: looking at history, we do. Series:epistemic studies 25 3 the challenge from the epistemic arguments pages 65-108 download pdf open access 4 primary intensions, defining the subject, and communication pages 109-168 download pdf open access 5 epistemic transparency and epistemic opacity pages 169-200 download pdf. The risk equipment deserves more credit: modeling, epistemic opacity, and immersion through examining the way hydraulic engineers employ and tinker with computational models for managing water-related risks, science and technology scholar matthijs kouw argues for a more reflected stand against such modeling. Consistent or contradictory, are similarly a priori in other words, epistemic transparency would imply that determining and correcting contradictory beliefs is a matter of logical acumen, rather than acquiring information epistemic opacity ( the denial of epistemic transparency) would imply that logical acumen is not sufficient to.
Julian newman, glasgow caledonian university, computing, communications and interactive systems department, adjunct studies philosophy of science, theories of information, and argumentation julian newman is a graduate of the universities of oxford. Define epistemic epistemic synonyms, epistemic pronunciation, epistemic translation, english dictionary definition of epistemic adj of, relating to, or involving knowledge cognitive ep′i te′mi al y adv adj 1 of or relating to knowledge or epistemology 2 denoting the branch. Reason underlying epistemic opacity, one of the key epistemological features of the new methods 42 epistemic opacity one of the key features of computational science is the essential epistemic opacity of the computational process that leads from the abstract model underlying the simulation to its output here a process is. Title: inscrutability and the opacity of natural selection and random genetic drift : distinguishing the epistemic and metaphysical aspects language: english authors: huneman, philippe1 [email protected] source: erkenntnis document type: article abstract: 'statisticalists' argue that the individual.
Sas workshop 2018 – epistemic opacity in computer simulation and machine learning cfp: opening the black box and finding it – dark epistemic opacity in computer simulation and machine learning conference series: science and art of simulation iv (sas) 2811 – 30112018, hlrs, stuttgart. -epistemic opacity as a methodological challenge -the specific role of (applied) mathematics in computer simulation -the epistemological consequences of parametrization and discretization -verification, validation & evaluation of computer simulations trust in & reliability of computer simulations. In her new article “how the machine 'thinks': understanding opacity in machine learning algorithms” (january 2016) jenna burrell from uc berkley school of information discusses methods to investigate opacity in algorithms once a technical, opaque word belonging to the sphere of computer scientists. Numerical methods—the work done by the cpu we will focus on the second step here, since only this step is unique for computer simulations 31 epistemic opacity the use of a computer to tackle numerical problems causes the process between input and output of the simulation to become opaque although we can often.
In epistemology, transparency is a property of epistemic states defined as follows: an epistemic state e is weakly transparent to a subject s if and only if when s is in state e, s can know that s is in state e an epistemic state e is strongly transparent to a subject s if and only if when s is in state e, s can know that s is in state. Duchamp drew attention to this epistemic shifting early on with fresh widow ( 1920), duchamp demonstrated the penetration of the commodity fetish, explicitly situated as a phenomenon qualified by opacity, into the transparency of glass when he replaced the glass panes of a miniature french window with panels of. Statements (q 2) why do human languages need opaque contexts to report epistemic states it will be herein argued that the phenomenon called opacity results from semantic mechanisms that avoid the principle of pseudo-scotus, rather than from the assumed inapplicability of leibniz' substitution of identicals principle.
“the risk equipment deserves more credit: modelling, epistemic opacity, and immersion” technosphere, 2017 eab7f050-0b28-11e7-a45b-73d10711d0b1 kouw, matthijs 2017 “validating models in the face of uncertainty: geotechnical engineering and dike vulnerability in the.
He argues that the epistemic opacity of simulations and their dynamic aspects are new features that are not sufficiently captured by existing accounts of phi- losophy of science in addition, he claims that the application process of the simulation to the real world requires a new conceptual framework and that the limitations of. 7 febr 2018 submissions: abstracts (max 3,000 characters including spaces without references) can be submitted until 1st of june 2018 submissions should be prepared for anonymous review (no information identifying the author) applicants will be notified latest by 30th of june accepted papers will be published in. With this contribution, i want to focus in particular on the epistemic relevance of big data, ie its implications for knowledge practices within and beyond science such knowledge practices are of increasing speed and complexity and thus often characterized by epistemic opacity, ie they cannot be followed or understood by. We provide a brief overview of these debates focusing particularly on what paul humphreys calls epistemic opacity we argue that debates in critical data studies and philosophy of science have neglected the problem of error management and error detection this is an especially important feature of the epistemology of.